Descendants of Thomas Taylor, Cordwainer
Generation No. 1
1. THOMAS1 TAYLOR, CORDWAINER was born c 1646, and died c Nov 1696 in Accomack Co VA. He married ELIZABETH c 1670 in prob Accomack Co VA. She died Aft. 1696.
Notes for THOMAS TAYLOR, CORDWAINER:
Thomas Taylor was born about 1646, probably in England. (see record below) Sometime prior to January 1664, Thomas arrived on the Eastern Shore of VA. It seems very likely to this researcher that Thomas was trained in the shoemaking trade from a young age and was brought to the colony to be a shoemaker. Charles Ratliffe [various spellings] received land in Accomack Co VA in March 1664 for transporting Thomas Taylor, but this type of land was often granted several years after the transportation. (McKey, Vol 1, 75) Thomas would have been an indentured servant, required to serve his master Charles Ratliffe for 5 to 7 years.
In January 1664, Thomas Taylor, along with Charles Ratliffe and others, was ordered to inspect the leather of Nathaniel Bradford, currier, and report to the court whether the leather was of poor quality due to the tanner, the currier, or both. (McKey, Vol 1, 64)
As an indentured servant, Thomas was not allowed to marry. In December 1664, Thomas Taylor and Mary Brangwell, both servants of Charles Ratliffe, were charged with fornication. (McKey, Vol 1, 106) Since no bond was required from Thomas, probably no child had been conceived. Ratliffe paid the fine and court costs. (McKey, Vol 1, 111) There is no record that Thomas and Mary married.
Perhaps because he was working as a servant, there are no records for Thomas during the years 1665-1672. In May 1672, Thomas Taylor was mentioned in a deposition by Daniel Owen about Roger McKeel's wife. (McKey, Vol 3, 74)
By March 1673, Thomas was probably no longer indentured, but was working for himself. At that time, he was ordered to pay Mr. Robert Hutchinson 736 lb tobo and court costs. (McKey, Vol 3, 116) At the same court, Thomas, "age about 27 years" gave a deposition about George Parker buying a female servant from Mr. Clifton. (McKey, Vol 3, 117) In August 1673, Thomas witnessed a deed of gift by William Anderson. (McKey, Vol 3, 140) In October 1673, a suit brought by Nicholas Pratt against Thomas was dismissed. (McKey, Vol 4, 2)
In the 1670s, Thomas married Elizabeth (surname unknown). They had at least five children but only the sons' names are known.
Throughout the next two decades, Thomas left continuous records in Accomack Co. The 1674 tithe list includes Thomas with one tithe. (McKey, Vol 4, 73)
In March 1675, Robert Hutchinson's suit against Thomas was renewed in court allowed to stand. (McKey, Vol 4, 103) At the same court, John Cole (Coale) brought suit against Taylor with Taylor admitting a debt of 300 lb tobo. (McKey, Vol 4, 109) In Sep 1675, Thomas was again quoted in the court records about the Roger McKeel couple when Thomas stated, "That should be a warning for him for meddling betwixt a man and his wife." (McKey, Vol 4, 139) Thomas was again listed with one tithe in the 1675 tithe list. (McKey, Vol 4, 140)
In the 1676 tithe list, Thomas was listed next to Roger McKeel (Mikell). (McKey, Vol 5, 29) In 1677, Thomas was still listed with one tithe. (McKey, Vol 5, 47)
In January 1678, Thomas confessed to killing a hog not belonging to him and was fined. (McKey, Vol 5, 82) In April 1678, he served as a juror. (McKey, Vol 5, 95) In August 1678, Thomas had one tithe. (McKey, Vol 6, 11) In March 1679, he owed Capt. Daniel Jenifer 314 lb tobo; in July 1679, he appeared in the 1679 tithe list. (McKey, Vol 6, 45, 67)
Beginning in 1680, there were two adult men named Thomas Taylor in Accomack Co VA. This Thomas Taylor was usually identified as a "cordwainer" or shoemaker while the other man was listed as a cooper. Since a cooper worked in wood while a cordwainer worked in leather and made shoes, these would not have been the same man. The court was careful to distinguish between these Thomas Taylors by adding their occupations after their names in most records after 1680.
In Sep 1688, Thomas Taylor cordwainer sued John Whitehead for 310 lb tobo. At the next court, the sheriff was ordered to seize a mare, a chest, and an old gun for Whitehead's debt. (McKey, Vol 7, 242, 253)
Thomas Taylor shoemaker was included in the 1690 tithe list with one tithe. (McKey, Vol 7, 322) In 1691, he was named as a cordwainer in the tithe list. (McKey, Vol 7, 338) In Dec 1692,
In 1690, Thomas Taylor Cordwainer bought 400 acres in the southeast corner of A64 in Accomack Co VA from Edmund Scarburgh. (Whitelaw, 855) The village of Locustville is located on this tract. In 1692, Thomas and Elizabeth sold 100 acres of this tract to Matthew Laylor for 3000 lb tobo. (Whitelaw, 855; McKey, Vol 7, 356) In 1692, he was taxed on 3 tithes. (McKey, Vol 7, 352)
In Nov 1694, Capt. William Custis brought suit against Thomas Taylor shoemaker "for scandalous words" but the jury found for Taylor. (McKey, Vol 8, 154, 155)
In late 1696, Thomas died, leaving 100 acres to each of his sons Edward, Thomas, and James. (Whitelaw, 855) Abstract of will: Thomas Taylor of Accomack Co in VA, Cordwainer, being creasie & weak in body, dated Mar 6 1693/4, wife Elizabeth executrix; to wife Elizabeth house & plantation where I now live during her natural life said land to contain 100 acres of land by Burton's Branch, adjoining John Rogers plantation; provided my son Edward shall be of age before his mother's death shall enjoy one equal part of the said land, entire 100 acres to son Edward after his mother's death; son Thomas 100 acres land where David Alphord now lives bounded northerly on north side of the Dry Swamp; to son James 100 acres land on south side of Dry Swamp running towards Burton's Branch & SW to Capt. Wm Custis land & by west to said Dry Swamp; to my daughters [not named] and loving wife all my moveable estate to be shared equally amongst them; said daughters to have their share at 16 yrs of age or sooner if they marry before they attain 16 years of age. Sons Edward, Thomas & James to remain with my wife during her widowhood until they attain the full age of 21 years. Thomas X Taylor. Witnesses William Smith, Robert Scott, John Marshall. Proven Jun 16 1696. (Nottingham, 27; Casey, 119)
According to his will, sons Edward, Thomas, and James inherited 100 acres each in A64, but Thomas died and Edward received that share also. (Whitelaw, 855)
At the November 19 1696 Court, widow Elizabeth Taylor "widow and executrix of Thomas Taylor" sued Mary Read for 1600 lb tobo, but Mary did not appear. John Cole posted a bond for her appearance at the next court. (McKey, Vol 8, 218) At the January 1697 Court, Elizabeth was awarded the amount plus court costs. (McKey, Vol 8, 226)
Casey, Albert E. Southern Taylor Families 1607-1830, 1958. p 119.
Whitelaw, Ralph T. Virginia's Eastern Shore. p 855.
McKey, JoAnn R. Accomack County VA Court Order Abstracts:
Vol 1 1663-1666. p 64, 75, 106, 111.
Vol 3 1671-1673. p 74, 116, 117, 140.
Vol 4 1673-1676. p 2, 73, 103, 109, 139, 140.
Vol 5 1676-1678. p 47, 82, 95.
Vol 6 1678-1682. p 11, 45, 67.
Vol 7 1682-1690. p 242, 253, 322, 338, 356.
Vol 8 1690-1697. p 154, 155, 218, 226.
Nottingham, Stratton, Wills and Administrations of Accomack Co VA 1663-1800. p 27.
Researched and written by Ann Blomquist. 1/2003
This narrative is copyrighted material and may not be posted or published except by the author.
Children of THOMAS TAYLOR and ELIZABETH are:
Page updated January 23, 2004 (wls)
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